The campaign starts at the end of 1983. In Bond time frame, this is
after 1983's "Octopussy" (in June) and the unofficial "Never Say
Never Again" (in October), but before 1985's "A View to a Kill" (the
final and forgettable Roger Moore Bond film). I am taking as my
premise the end of "Never Say Never Again" -- James Bond has just now
finally and truly retired after over two decades of service (since the
Dr. No mission in 1962). The new M revealed in that movie is an
upper-class sort who originally had looked down on the double-oh
branch. However, the latest nuclear trouble has convinced him that it
is worth a shot.
The campaign begins in December 1983. Reagan is winding up his first
term, though not yet facing off with Mondale. The Dirty Harry movie
"Sudden Impact" is big in the theaters. In October, the army staged a
bloody coup in Grenada which is still being resisted by the U.S. --
plus there is fighting in Beirut where Marine barracks were blown up
on October 23. In England, PM Margaret Thatcher is in her fifth year
(since 1979). The IRA bombed Harrods on December 17, with alarming
signs of support among the Irish populace.
- 1978 -- Communist power was established in Afghanistan on 27
April 1978 through a bloody military coup. Communist Party
boss Nur Muhammed Tariki becomes president, signs treaty of
"friendship and cooperation" with USSR; mass arrests and
torture of opponents.
- 1979 -- Year ends with massive Soviet military invasion to put
down Mujahedeen and prop up Karmal regime. The invasion will
last until 1988, with the Soviets fighting a constant guerilla
war against Islamic Mujahedeen guerillas.
- 1981 -- U.S. Congress grants Pakistan a 6-year exemption from
the Symington Amendment, which prohibits aid to any non-nuclear
country engaged in illegal procurement of equipment for a
nuclear weapons program. Pakistan accepts a $3.2 billion,
six-year aid package from the US that includes the sale of F-16
- 1982 -- In April, Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland
Islands. By June, the British regained control -- with around
750 Argentinians and 250 British killed in the conflict.
- 1983 -- On September 25, 134 IRA prisoners escape from the
- 1983 -- On October 13, the Grenadian Army, controlled by former
Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard, seized power in a
bloody coup. On October 25, 1983, President Reagan reported
a landing on Grenada by Marines and Army airborne troops to
protect lives and assist in the restoration of law and order
and at the request of five members of the Organization of
Eastern Caribbean States.
- 1983 -- On October 23, American foreign policy and pride suffered
a terrible shock when a Muslim suicide bomber destroyed the
Marine barracks in Beirut, killing 240 U.S. Marines.
- 1984 -- On February 9, Yuri Andropov dies; Chernenko becomes
General Secretary of the U.S.S.R. In July, Soviets boycott
the Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
- 1984 -- On March 15, Gerry Adams, President of Sinn Fein,
narrowly survived a Loyalist assassination attempt. He was
saved by a British soldier.
- 1984 -- In July, the Saudis begin paying $1 million/month
secretly to aid the Nicaraguan Contras. The money is
deposited into Cayman Islands account owned by Contra
leader Adolfo Calero.
- 1984 -- On November 4, Ronald Reagan defeats Walter Mondale in
a landslide as the President of the United States.
- 1984 -- Dr. A. Q. Khan (known as the father of Pakistan's
uranium enrichment program) announces that the Kahuta plant
has succeeded in enriching uranium (although not to weapons-grade);
other developments lead to increasing evidence of Pakistan's
- 1984 -- On June 5, Saudi Arabian jet fighter planes, aided by
intelligence from a U.S. AWACS electronic surveillance aircraft
and fueled by a U.S. KC-10 tanker, shot down two Iranian
fighter planes over an area of the Persian Gulf proclaimed as a
protected zone for shipping.
- 1985 -- On March 11, Chernenko dies; Gorbachev becomes General
Secretary of the U.S.S.R.
- 1985 -- On October 10, U.S. Navy pilots intercepted an Egyptian
airliner and forced it to land in Sicily. The airliner was
carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro
who had killed an American citizen during the hijacking.
- On March 26, 1986, President Reagan reported to Congress that,
on March 24 and 25, U.S. forces, while engaged in freedom of
navigation exercises around the Gulf of Sidra, had been
attacked by Libyan missiles and the United States had responded
- On April 16, 1986, President Reagan reported that U.S. air and
naval forces had conducted bombing strikes on terrorist
facilities and military installations in Libya.
- 1986 -- Bolivia. U.S. Army personnel and aircraft assisted
Bolivia in anti-drug operations.
- 1987-88 -- Persian Gulf. After the Iran-Iraq War resulted in
several military incidents in the Persian Gulf, the United
States increased U.S. Navy forces operating in the Persian Gulf
and adopted a policy of reflagging and escorting Kuwaiti oil
tankers through the Gulf. President Reagan reported that
U.S. ships had been fired upon or struck mines or taken other
military action on September 23, October 10, and October 20,
1987 and April 19, July 4, and July 14, 1988. The United States
gradually reduced its forces after a cease-fire between Iran
and Iraq on August 20, 1988.
Popular Films (by sales)
$399,804,539 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
$129,795,549 An Officer and a Gentleman
$122,823,200 Rocky III
$78,900,000 Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan
$75,900,000 48 Hrs.
$69,701,637 The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas
$54,000,000 The Verdict
$309,125,409 Star Wars: Return of the Jedi (1983) -- May 25
$108,400,000 Terms of Endearment (1983) -- November 23
$94,900,000 Flashdance (1983) -- April 15
$90,400,000 Trading Places (1983) -- June 8
$79,568,000 WarGames (1983) -- June 3
$67,900,000 Octopussy (1983) -- June 10
$67,600,000 Sudden Impact (1983) -- December 9
$64,800,000 Mr. Mom (1983) -- July 22
$63,800,000 Staying Alive (1983) -- March 15
$63,500,000 Risky Business (1983) -- August 5
$55,500,000 Never Say Never Again (1983) -- October 7
$238,600,000 Ghost Busters (1984) -- June 8
$234,760,500 Beverly Hills Cop (1984) -- December 5
$179,870,271 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) -- May 23
$148,170,000 Gremlins (1984) -- June 8
$90,800,000 The Karate Kid (1984) -- June 22
$81,200,000 Police Academy (1984) -- March 16
$80,000,000 Footloose (1984) -- February 17
$76,400,000 Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (1984) -- June 1
$74,900,000 Romancing the Stone (1984) -- March 30
$68,392,977 Purple Rain (1984) -- July 27
Popular Music (by Billboard)
- Every Breath You Take - the Police
- Billie Jean - Michael Jackson
- Flashdance... What A Feeling - Irene Cara
- Say Say Say - Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson
- All Night Long (All Night) - Lionel Ritchie
- Total Eclipse of the Heart - Bonnie Tyler
- Down Under - Men At Work
- Beat It - Michael Jackson
- Islands In The Stream - Kenny Rogers and Dolly Parton
- Baby, Come To Me - Patti Austin and James Ingram
- Maniac - Michael Sembello
- Let's Dance - David Bowie
- Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This) - Eurythmics
- Tell Her About It - Billy Joel
- Africa - Toto
John H. Kim
Last modified: Thu Apr 22 12:18:46 2004